For Contextual Historical Studies I have to answer some simple questions about Bauhaus.
Q: What does Bauhaus mean?
A: House of construction.
Q: What does the word Gesamtkunstwerk mean?
A: A Gesamtkunstwerk is a work of art that is created in different kinds of art forms. Buzz words: work of art, total work of art, synthesis of the arts and complete work of art. The material world reflected the unity of all the arts.
Q: Name two art movements that influenced Bauhaus?
A: Modernism; this art movement gave rise to the ideals of rationality and functionality along with the simplified form. It also influenced the mass production/industrial aspect that helped make Bauhaus so unique. Also The Arts and Crafts Movement; This movement was one of the most influential, profound and far-reaching design movements of modern times and influenced bauhaus a lot, the main thing they have in common is that they show you how you could use a simple, clean, not overly ornate design that is functional but also beautiful.
Q: What was Bauhaus style? Describe it.
A: Words I would associate with Bauhaus would be: Geometric, modern, rational, industrial, visual, colourful, clean, structure, stylish and dynamic.
Q: Who started the Bauhaus? What was his or her profession?
A: The founder of Bauhaus is a man named Walter Gropius (1883-1969.) He was an architect and he wrote the first manifesto of the Bauhaus.
Q: What artists were involved with the Bauhaus? Name three to six.
A: Herbert Bayer, Paul Klee, Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, Joost Schmidt, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and obviously Walter Gropius.
Q: What were Bauhaus Craft Masters?
A: Craft Masters were responsible for practical training in the techniques used.
Q: What were Bauhaus Form Masters?
A: Artistic direction was given by a ‘Form Master.’ This role was taken on by a number of well known artists including Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. Craft Masters were responsible for practical training in the techniques used.
Q: What were Bauhaus Apprentices?
A: They were students studying the Bauhaus.
Q: When was the Bauhaus active?
A: It was active from 1919-1933.
Q: What caused the Bauhaus to close?
A: The Nazis closed the building in 1933.
Q: What happened to the Bauhaus artists?
A: A lot of them moved to the US and the legacy of Bauhaus design was key to the development on the modern ‘international style.’