1930-1939

For Contextual Historical Studies I have to answer some simple questions about Bauhaus.

Questions:

Q: What does Bauhaus mean?

A: House of construction.

Q: What does the word Gesamtkunstwerk mean?

A:  A Gesamtkunstwerk is a work of art that is created in different kinds of art forms. Buzz words: work of art, total work of art, synthesis of the arts and complete work of art. The material world reflected the unity of all the arts.

Q: Name two art movements that influenced Bauhaus?

A: Modernism; this art movement gave rise to the ideals of rationality and functionality along with the simplified form. It also influenced the mass production/industrial aspect that helped make Bauhaus so unique. Also The Arts and Crafts Movement; This movement was one of the most influential, profound and far-reaching design movements of modern times and influenced bauhaus a lot, the  main thing they have in common is that they show you how you could use a simple, clean, not overly ornate design that is functional but also beautiful.

Q: What was Bauhaus style? Describe it.

A: Words I would associate with Bauhaus would be: Geometric, modern, rational, industrial, visual, colourful, clean, structure, stylish and dynamic.

Q: Who started the Bauhaus? What was his or her profession?

A: The founder of Bauhaus is a man named Walter Gropius (1883-1969.) He was an architect and he wrote the first manifesto of the Bauhaus.

Q: What artists were involved with the Bauhaus? Name three to six.

A: Herbert Bayer, Paul Klee, Josef Albers, Wassily Kandinsky, Joost Schmidt, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe and obviously Walter Gropius.

Q: What were Bauhaus Craft Masters?

A: Craft Masters were responsible for practical training in the techniques used.

Q: What were Bauhaus Form Masters?

A: Artistic direction was given by a ‘Form Master.’ This role was taken on by a number of well known artists including Johannes Itten, Wassily Kandinsky and Paul Klee. Craft Masters were responsible for practical training in the techniques used.

Q: What were Bauhaus Apprentices?

A: They were students studying the Bauhaus.

Q: When was the Bauhaus active?

A: It was active from 1919-1933.

Q: What caused the Bauhaus to close?

A: The Nazis closed the building in 1933.

Q: What happened to the Bauhaus artists?

A: A lot of them moved to the US and the legacy of Bauhaus design was key to the development on the modern ‘international style.’

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